Introduction
Introduction
History
Gallery
Contact us
Services
Comments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kratovo - old architectural and urbanistic settlement

 

 

      Kratovo, a little town in the north-east of Macedonia, is situated at the foot of the Osogovo Mountains, in a crater of an extinct volcano. The town is about 600 meters above the sea level, which accounts for its mild climate and clean air. Kratovo is surounded with high mountains, which makes it ideal for short and long walks in nature. There are lot of meadows for picnics.  This place grew into a town with time, through the ages. Kratovo is an unusual town because it is the only town in our country constructed in a crater. It is an old settlement. It dates back to the Roman times when it was known by the name "Kratiscara". As a town settlement Kratovo continued to leave under the Byzantine empire when it was called "Koritos"or "Korimade".  In the Middle ages it had been under the Turks since 1390 and during all that time Kratovo had been a well-known trade and mining settlement. The importance of this small town was also acknowledged by the Turkish Sultan Murat, who while passing with his army through Macedonia, stopped in Kratovo to see the city of gold and silver.
However, in 1689 the city was heavily abandoned by its inhabitants due to the heavy pressure mounted by the Ottomans, with the last mining fields closing by 1805. According to the traveller Ami Bue, Kratovo had 5000 inhabitants in 1836, but by the end of the 19th century its population growth levelled off. Today Kratovo(only the city) has 6000 inhabitants.
The urban structure of Kratovo follows the urban tradition of the Macedonian town with market street and a number of districts inhabited by Christians and Muslims. The market street is located in the focus of the city organism. Small shops, nested along the street, create the market place atmosphere. Districts are located along the hillsides with a dense structure of resident buildings. There are seven and all of them are different in size. The bridges are very significant urban elements in the environment of Kratovo. They are made of stone and wood. The most important of them are: Charsiski (Market Bridge), Grofcanski, Jokcinski and Radin (Rada's Bridge- the most famous bridge with mystic legend about it).  Kratovo used to have a dozen of towers, but only half of them have survived and nowadays stand as vertical element in the city panorama. Once there were 12 towers, but now one can notice six towers which primarily served miners, chiefs and guards. They were built of stone and meant to be objects for residence and defence. They make the city look like a fortress. There were also six mosques, which were destroyed for unknown purposes.
        Kratovo has always attracted many architects, geographers, travel writers not only by it's well developed mining industry but also by exuberant remaining of culture manifested in various architectural artefacts and customs.
Kratovo nowadays is a modern settlement with mixture of old and new buildings, in the crater of a dead volcano. This gives specific and mystic spirit to this town and makes it a perfect place for holidays and development of alternative tourism.

CENSUS OF POPULATION 2002 FINAL DATA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total
Macedonians
Albanians
Turks
Rhomas
Vlachs
Serbs
Bosniacs
Other
Municipality
10441
10231
-
8
151
1
33
-
17
Kratovo

 

 

This site has been constructed for development of alternative tourism in Kratovo

Design by: Cyber Office (Krstevski Andrej & Efremov Ljupco)

Home